Excess uric acid and gout

Uric acid it is a waste product that originates from the process of breaking down the nucleic acids found in the cells of our body. In part it is also linked to the digestion of foods rich in purines, among which fish stand out as well as the entrails of animals. It goes without saying then that theuric acid derives from the gradation of purines (adenine and guanine) which are the nitrogenous bases that make up the DNA of the nucleus of animal and plant cells.

What happens to theuric acid that we produce within our body? It is filtered by the kidneys and then eliminated through urine, in large part, while the remainder, very minimal, passes through the intestine and is then eliminated together with the feces. When it comes to hyperuricemia, and we will talk about it shortly, we mean the situation in which there is an excess of uric acid production or a difficulty in the body to eliminate it.

Uric acid: symptoms

To evaluate the presence of uric acid, a uricemia test which is in fact the laboratory parameter that expresses the quantity of this substance. The problem, as we have seen for now, is when the uricaemia is high, let's see what can happen. Some "gouty tophiAt the level of the joints but also the real gout.

This value must be checked very well and frequently because it can be a sign of even a serious illness, but there are also falls in which theelevated uricaemia it is linked to the presence of cardiovascular problems and diabetes. It is necessary to carry out in-depth examinations and above all to consult an expert doctor who will be able to better investigate why the values ​​are out of bounds.

When you have high uric acid, the most frequent symptoms are i articolar pains, hypertension, renal colic and itching. Then there are symptoms that serve to complete the diagnosis if the tests also show high levels of cholesterol, ferritin and ESR. If some forms of cancer unfortunately cause high levels of uric acid in the blood, chills, fever and fatigue can also be present among the symptoms of hyperuricemia.

Uric acid: causes

As a product resulting from the natural degradation of our cells, the excess uric acid may be due to a wrong diet but it cannot be said with complete certainty and in fact in most cases this remains a hypothesis while the real causes are certainly not identifiable. However, we can say with certainty that if ours uric acid values ​​are above average, our kidneys are not working very well and it is worth investigating because if this acid accumulates in our body it can create many problems. Hyperuricemia is not a problem to be taken lightly.

Let's now make a roundup of possible causes specifying that these are, in fact, "possible causes", the evaluation must be made by a specialist doctor, hand tests, and we must not improvise ourselves as doctors, Among the causes we find a diet rich in foods of animal origin, gout and other kidney diseases such as kidney failure, stones and polycystic kidney. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy can also lead to excessive uric acid levels as well as obesity or metabolic syndrome, various bone diseases, metastatic cancer, multiple myeloma, and leukemia. There are times when hyperuricemia is linked to a situation of alcoholism or lead poisoning, or even from prolonged use of diuretics or other specific drugs.

Uric acid: values

We talked about high values ​​of uric acid but we have not given the numbers yet and we have only worried about a situation of excess acid, while even when it is lacking there can be problems. Therefore acceptable values ​​will have a low and a high threshold. There will be a range of acceptable values. Under normal conditions, uric acid values ​​must fluctuate between 4 and 8 mg / dl, Hyperuricaemic subjects are defined as having levels above 8 mg / dl. We do not take these parameters as gold standard because it is always necessary to observe them together with the context of our health, comparing them and integrating them with other values ​​and not just looking at whether that of uric does it fall within the acceptance gap or not.

Uric acid remedies

When uric acid accumulates in our blood, being in excess, gods can also appear acid crystals that go to settle both in the joints and in the tendons and surrounding tissues and it is the moment in which it is necessary to find remedies, a way to eliminate excess uric acid. However, there are drugs that must be prescribed by a doctor, there are also natural methods that can be a help, or an intervention to complement the pharmacological one, depending on the severity of the problem.

It is recommended to drink a lot of water, which supports the work of the kidneys and helps in the purification process, apple cider vinegar is also good for its anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, alkalizing and diuretic properties. The squeezed lemon, taken every morning on an empty stomach, neutralizes theuric acid, also thanks to the presence of vitamin C, while sodium bicarbonate dissolved in a glass of water can prevent the formation of uric acid crystals.

Uric acid: diet

Among the foods recommended a those suffering from hyperuricemia there are cherries and berries because they contain substances that help reduce uric acid levels. Olive oil, with its monounsaturated fats it is fine while it is necessary to limit red meat, crustaceans, sausages, legumes, fatty fish and alcoholic drinks by increasing the doses of cheese, milk, eggs, fruit and green leafy vegetables, tomatoes.

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Video: Gouty Arthritis Gout and Uric Acid (January 2022).